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Health, Disease & Diet Find out the best tips and practices on managing your cat's diet, health care, and issues with diseases from our community of animal lovers

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  #21  
Old 08-03-2009, 11:42 AM
abgraldo abgraldo is offline
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Default Re: Important!! Check and disinfectant today!!

Dear All,
In view of the arise numbers of our forumers cats died due to acute FELV n FRP, Pakcu would like to advise all to thoroughly check all your cats health and thoroughly disinfectant all the toys, bowls, cages, play area (if its the whole house, then disinfectant the whole house). I just received a call (last nite) from one of our friends, saying that two of her cats, died suddenly after 48 hours of noticing some problems with the cats. This is very alarming and frightening!! I dont know wether the rise of H1N1-A has something to do with this, but surely there is no harm in taking precautions. This is what Pakcu would like to advise for all my dear friends to do, TODAY!! :-

1. Check all your cats today!! - act immediately if there's symptoms such as not eating, not active, vomit (green liquid), diarhea, flu, fever.... (should there's such symptoms, bring to vet immediately and dont (DONT) bath your cat!!)

2. Disinfectant all food bowls, litter box/tray, cages, toys, play area (whole house). If one of your cats has been confirmed to be infected, than I would suggest to change the whole small things and disinfectant the whole house very-very thorough. But, be careful if u use Clorox, read carefully on how to use it to prevent cats get overdose and might be fatal to them. I'm using Jeypine disinfectant, powerful yet gentle and nice smell too...

3. Stop adopting strays!! for the time being, if you have another cats at home. The above disease is highly contagious and very hard to detect at the beginning. FRP symptoms for examples are only visible at the critical stage and fatal just two days after showing!!. Should you still want to adopt strays, then before u take it home, bring to the vet first, have a thorough medical check up, vaccine the cat immediately and for the first few days, separate the cat from the rest of your cat. Please2!!, dont bring home sick strays or any cats to home.

4. Start up dating all your cats vaccine today!! Vaccine your cats immediately if the cat never being vaccinated before.

5. Please-please dont allow your cats roaming outside your home. There's so many security, safety and health issue outside.

6. Wash your hands thoroughly with disinfectant after touching another cats or before you touch your cats. This will (if not 100%) prevent you and your cats from many viruses or harmful germs from outside.

Pakcu hope, all of us will do something good today and as the saying goes, be safe than sorry. Good Luck!!
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  #22  
Old 08-04-2009, 02:50 PM
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Default Caution on disinfectant for cats.

DISINFECTANTS

The earliest recorded example of chemical disinfection is the use of copper or silver vessels, instead of pottery ones, to store drinking water to prevent it becoming foul.

This innovation was introduced about 450 BC by the Persians. Both copper and silver have significant antimicrobial activity, although neither is used much for disinfection purposes today because of their toxicity.

Other ancient disinfectants, used mainly for topical treatment of wounds, were wine, vinegar and honey. While wine and honey now tend to be used internally, vinegar, or rather its active ingredient, dilute acetic acid, has been revived as a wound dressing where antibiotic-resistant Pseudomonas bacteria are a problem.

Mercuric Chloride was introduced as a wound dressing in the Middle Ages by the Arabs, but it was not until the 18th and 19th centuries that great strides forward in chemical disinfection were made with the introduction of a range of chemicals such as copper suilphate, bleaching powder, creosote, iodine, chlorine water and phenol.

Today, some of these are still used for some disinfection purposes, and there is a large array of more modern chemicals.

The major types of disinfectants can be grouped into seven main categories:

Phenolic compounds, derived from coal tar such as Lysol and TCP
Pine disinfectants, which are Pinene, which is little more than a deodorant, and Terpineol, which does disinfect and can be combined with substituted phenols e.g. Dettol.

Acids, not used much for general disinfection, but benzoic acid is used as a preservative in food and pharmaceutical products, dilute acetic acid as a wound dressing(!!), and citric acid against foot-and-mouth disease virus.

Biguanides e.g. Chlorhexidine which mixed with cetrimide is used as a topical antiseptic (Savlon) – not effective against viruses or bacterial spores.

Surface-active agents Cationic agents include cetrimide and are active against bacteria and enveloped viruses such as feline herpes virus but not non-enveloped viruses such as feline calicivirus. They are mainly used in wound disinfection and as preservatives in e.g. eyedrops.

Amphoteric agents are the most active disinfectants of the group e.g. Tego.

Aldehydes Formaldehyde and Glutaraldehyde are very important disinfectants especially the former, active against bacteria, spores and viruses.

Halogens: Iodine is well known as are the sodium hypochlorite solutions e.g. Chloros

Microbial Resistance To Disinfectants

Some bacteria are naturally more resistant to certain disinfectants than other bacteria. Others can become resistant after exposure to the disinfectant.

In general, non-enveloped viruses such as feline parvovirus and feline calicivirus are more resistant to a range of disinfectants than enveloped viruses such as feline leukemia virus and feline herpes virus.

Disinfection In The Cattery

Particular care must be taken in the choice of a disinfectant for use in a cattery.

Cats have fastidious personal hygiene habits (at least most do!), which will lead them to ingesting disinfectants that are deposited on their paws or fur.

Moreover, cats have low activity of an enzyme called glucuronide transferase in their liver, and so are less able than most mammals to detoxify phenolic compounds.

Thus for cattery use a disinfectant must be of low toxicity and lacking phenolic compounds, yet be effective against a wide range of microorganisms, including the highly resistant fene parvovirus, and effective in the presence of organic material such as faeces.

No single disinfectant compound can fulfil all of these criteria, but five proprietary brands which consist of a mixture of disinfectants are very useful, and can be recommended for use in catteries.

Parvocide (veterinary Health Company) and GPC-8 (Evans Vanodine which are based on glutaraldehyde. Virkon (Antec International) is a mixture with peroxygen compounds while Peratol (Albright and Wilson) contains Hydrogen peroxide. Finally Trigene (The Hygiene Corporation) is a blend of non-ionic quaternary compounds and detergent.

These five products have a low toxicity for cats and are effective at the recommended dilutions, and will kill viruses, bacteria, and fungi.

These five disinfectants are also those recommended by the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy for use at Shows, where disinfection is necessary after handling one cat, and moving on to the next.

If you don’t want to read all the above, just remember:

DON’T be tempted to use a higher strength solution “just to be sure”.

ALWAYS read the label before using disinfectants.

NEVER use phenolic compounds for cats.
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